Last Updated on 12-30-2023

Are you fascinated by diverse cultures? Do you want to explore the rich heritage and traditions of Taiwan? In this article, we will delve into the captivating world of Taiwan’s language, culture, customs, and etiquette. From the official language spoken in Taiwan to its cultural practices, we will provide you with an insightful overview. So, let’s embark on this cultural journey together!

Language in Taiwan

The official language of Taiwan is Mandarin Chinese, reflecting its historical ties with China. However, due to the diverse ethnic composition of the population, other languages are also widely spoken. The Southern Min dialect, known as Min-nan or Holo, holds significance among the Taiwanese population, especially those of southern Fujianese descent.

Apart from Mandarin and Min-nan, other languages such as Hakka and indigenous languages are preserved by smaller groups within Taiwan. These linguistic variations contribute to the rich cultural tapestry of the country.

Cultural Heritage and Society

Taiwanese culture is deeply rooted in Confucian Chinese traditions. It emphasizes respect for elders, strong family values, and the importance of education [^4]. Additionally, Taiwan’s culture is known for its conservatism, hierarchy, and the central role of the family unit in societal activities [^4]. The culture has evolved over time, influenced by both Chinese and Japanese cultures, resulting in a distinct Taiwanese identity .

Social Etiquette and Customs

Taiwanese people are renowned for their friendliness and hospitality. When visiting someone’s home, it is customary to bring a small gift, such as flowers, biscuits, or chocolates [^2]. Upon entering a Taiwanese home, it is customary to remove your shoes, even if your host initially states that it is not necessary.

Respecting “face,” a concept of maintaining dignity and social standing, is crucial in Taiwanese society. It is advisable to avoid causing someone to feel embarrassed, as pointing out mistakes or shortcomings in public is generally frowned upon. Maintaining harmony and avoiding conflicts are valued cultural traits.

Business Culture and Etiquette

Taiwan’s business culture reflects its hierarchical structure and emphasis on mutual respect. The concept of “guanxi” plays a significant role, emphasizing the importance of building strong relationships and connections for successful business interactions [^8]. Punctuality is highly valued, and it is customary to exchange business cards using both hands, demonstrating respect .


Taiwan’s language, culture, customs, and etiquette offer a captivating glimpse into the rich heritage of this island nation. From the diverse languages spoken to the deeply ingrained societal values, Taiwan presents a unique blend of traditional Chinese, indigenous, and Japanese influences. By respecting local customs and embracing the warmth of Taiwanese hospitality, visitors can truly immerse themselves in the cultural tapestry of this remarkable country.

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